Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States along with the Republican Party.
Since the 1930s, the party has promoted a socially liberal and progressive platform, and its Congressional caucus is composed of progressives, liberals, and centrists. The Democrats’ dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South.
Today, the House Democratic caucus is composed mostly of centrists and progressives, with a smaller minority of conservative Democrats. The party’s philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state. It seeks to provide government intervention and regulation in the economy.
Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison’s Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world’s oldest political party.
The party has the lengthiest record of continuous operation in the United States and is among the oldest political parties in the world.