Former Utah Legislator Calls on RNC to Remove Burgess Owens’ Speaking Slot Because of Ties to QAnon

Burgess Owens

Former Utah legislator Sheryl Allen has called on the Republican National Committee (RNC) to remove  4th Congressional District candidate Burgess Owens from its list of speakers because Owens is a QAnon conspiracy theorist. Owens had claimed not to subscribe to QAnon despite appearing on “The Common Sense Show,” a program on the Patriots’ Soapbox News Network Archive YouTube channel that is connected to the group, earlier this summer. read more

Opinion: Before Trump an anti-fascist was a patriot defending democracy

The greatest threat to America and its people remains fascism – particularly domestic fascism. Until a few years ago, being against fascism was regarded as being a patriotic American, and then a dyed-in-the-wool fascist took up residence in the White House. Not long after Trump’s poorly-attended inauguration, his white supremacist supporters began labeling opposition to Trump’s white supremacist tendencies as inherently wrong, un-American, and anti-fascist.

During World War II over 16 million Americans fought in a mighty bloody war to crush fascism as a means of preserving democracy. Today, with a fascist in the White House, being against fascism and supporting America’s Constitution and representative democracy is terrorism fraught with danger from America’s fascist-in-chief Trump.

America as a representative democracy is being savaged by Trump and his far-right, authoritarian, and  ultranationalist loyalists dreaming of Trump’s uncontested dictatorial power and violent suppression of the opposition – precisely what the nation has witnessed live and in living color over the past two weeks.

The events surrounding yet another Black man being murdered by a racist white police officer while three colleagues looked on revealed to Americans precisely what the United States War Department warned was a genuine threat to American democracy – domestic fascism. It is almost certain that until Trump, no American institution, and certainly no federal government official, would have dreamed that any American opposed to fascism would be labeled a terrorist.

In 1945 after America and its allies defeated fascism in the Second World War, the U.S. War Department recognized fascism’s inherent danger to democracy and issued a memorandum titled “Fascism!” The official government memorandum addressed the prospects of what it called “domestic fascism” labeling it “a genuine threat to America’s democracy.” The war department memorandum laid out the conditions that would contribute to the rise of fascism including how fascists would use “undemocratic methods that are properly defined as fascist.” The memorandum stated:

“At various times in our history, we have had sorry instances of lynchings, vigilantism, terror, and suppression of civil liberties. We have had hooded gangs, Silver Shirts, and racial and religious bigots. All of them, in the name of Americanism, have used undemocratic methods and doctrines which experience has shown are properly identified as ‘fascist.’” (author bold)

The War Department then warned the people that, “An American Fascist would not proclaim that he is a Fascist. Fascism always camouflages its plans and purposes . . . It would work under the guise of ‘super-patriotism’ and ‘super-Americanism.’” (author bold)

Last week Trump utilized a different, but just as effective, means of camouflage to conceal his intent to rule like a proper fascist dictator claiming he was a super law and order president. It is typical that a criminal would openly claim that law and order was his primary concern, and then criminally violate his oath of office. Trump violated his “so help me god” oath by directing his dirty Attorney General to order the military and law enforcement to use rubber bullets, flash grenades, and chemical weapons against American citizens exercising their First Amendment right to “peaceably assemble for redress of their grievances.”

It is not surprising that Republicans led by Attorney General Bill Barr and Trump have tried in vain to portray patriotic Americans against (Trump’s) fascism as terrorists responsible for all manner of offenses against Trump. On Friday it was reported that “none of the 22 criminal complaints representing the first wave of protest charges mention ‘Antifa’ in any way.”

The report’s authors also noted that “Antifa isn’t an organization, but a decentralized movement and collection of tactics;” such as protesting against white supremacists, religious bigots, Nazis, and fascists led by Trump. The criminals involved in violence during the protests were either anarchists or Trump’s acolytes in the far-right “boogaloo movement.” The authors summarized Antifa’s involvement in protests thus:

“What it (criminal complaints) definitely demonstrate is that anti-fascism is not a driving force in the current protest violence.”

In a typical claim by one of Trump’s war mongering Republicans in the Senate, Tom Cotton (R-AR) tweeted: “Let’s see how tough these Antifa terrorists are when they’re facing off with the 101st Airborne Division.”

If Cotton had a modicum of intelligence regarding American war history, he would certainly know that the 101stAirborne Division was instrumental in laying waste to two fascist regimes during World War II. In fact, this author’s uncle served in that esteemed division during WWII and claimed the only reason to go to war was to crush fascism. Cotton, Trump and Barr have no concept of history or they would stop defaming Americans supporting and preserving democracy as terrorists.

It is apparent to any semi-conscious American that Trump and his un-American allies are raging against anti-fascists because they are either devout fascists or support Trump’s fascist regime. As the U.S. War Department elucidated in 1945, domestic fascists (like Trump and his devotees) would claim to be “super-patriots” and “super-Americans” and be comprised of gangs, racial and religious bigots and use “undemocratic methods” to instill terror – including “suppression of civil liberties

in the name of read more

Opinion: Stephen Miller’s Racism Is Trumpier Than Trump

We continue on the journey of asking ourselves what kind of country we want to be, as impeachment hearings continue to build the strongest case imaginable against Donald Trump, and his administration continues to do horrible things to the extensive list of people it considers “other.”

For the longest time, Trump’s draconian treatment of immigrants (especially POC seeking asylum) was associated with Stephen Miller, who is nicknamed by several in my Twitter circle, “Baby Goebbels”.

Last week, the Southern Poverty Law Center published the first in what will be a series of articles on Miller’s racist emails, which show a near obsession with all things white nationalist.  The first article outlines the source material on which Miller based his anti-immigration policies that are associated with the Trump administration.

“The emails, which Miller sent to the conservative website Breitbart News in 2015 and 2016, showcase the extremist, anti-immigrant ideology that undergirds the policies he has helped create as an architect of Donald Trump’s presidency. These policies include reportedly setting arrest quotas for undocumented immigrants, an executive order effectively banning immigration from five Muslim-majority countries and a policy of family separation at refugee resettlement facilities that the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Inspector General said is causing “intense trauma” in children”.

The White House on Mr. Miller’s behalf, complained and whined that outing him as a white nationalist is an anti-Semitic attempt to disassociate him from his Jewish identity.

If nothing else, Stephen shatters the image that all Jews actually understand the consequences of holding the views that he espouses.  There are some conservative Jews who question the Jewishness of those who are more liberal because they learned the lessons of history.  And, there are some liberals who may be tempted to distance their Jewish identity from the likes of Stephen Miller.  I want to, but I believe people are smart enough to know that Stephen Miller is not representative of most Jews, not even a minority.  He is definitely not representative of Judaism, or for that matter any of the major religions and political philosophies.

He is, however, the reason why I firmly believe that someone’s background doesn’t always tell you who they are.

Miller is, without question, Jewish, and no one is denying that fact.  But as his uncle, David Glossar, read more

Opinion: Children Cannot Consent

Children cannot give consent to so many things under the law.

Whether it’s when someone rapes children, when children get medical treatment, or when children escape violence, their stories are framed as if they can give consent. We see this with the Jeffrey Epstein case, with medical deferments of deportation, and with asylum cases. This article barely scratches the surface.

Today’s children live with active shooter drills, poverty shaming, the reality of climate change and an exhausting list of other things that even the most aware and precocious children of my generation never knew existed.

Tragically, child rape is nothing new. But we had a moment of hope when the law and our collective morality recognized that there is no such thing as a minor-aged woman. That is a child. There is no such thing as voluntary sex with a child. Anyone who has sexual relations with a child is raping that child.

Then came Jeffrey Epstein and his one-time friend, Donald J. Trump.
Enablers and apologists for Jeffrey Epstein continue to violate Epstein’s victims. They suggest the children consented to “sex” with Epstein and his circle of perverts. Some have gone so far as to suggest the girls Epstein and his friends raped were prostitutes.

Most recently, a prominent computer scientist at MIT defended Epstein by saying his child victims were “entirely” willing. I fumed while reading that story, because it, and others like it, violated Epstein’s victims again. The wall of white privilege shielded Epstein from justice. He got a slap on the wrist for raping children. Their rights were violated in the sweetheart deal Epstein got from his friends in high places. I tweeted the story, simply stating “Children Cannot Consent.”

Thanks to Miami Herald reporter Julia Brown’s stellar work and persistence, it looked like Epstein’s victims would have their day in court. But it wasn’t meant to be.

As I write, there are children who are terminally ill and receiving life-saving medical treatment in America that they can’t get in their home countries. The Trump administration told them to get out of the country by September 14th.

After the backlash, there was a partial step back.  Some of the people who were denied medical deferment were told their cases were re-opened.   No one knows what that means.  That includes the kids, their families, their lawyers, their representatives in congress and it appears, even the people who will be playing God with their lives.

These are children who came to America legally, and in some cases, like with  Isabel Maria Bueso, by invitation  from the government.

The House Judiciary subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, chaired by Representative Steve Cohen, held an emergency hearing last week.

Isabel Maria Bueso  and several other people with deadly illnesses appeared before the committee to literally beg for their lives. No one should have to beg the government to let them live. Yet, 24-year-old Bueso begged for her life.

Sixteen- year-old Jonathan Sanchez,  who has cystic fibrosis, also begged for his life. Fourteen-year-old year old Serena Badia  from Spain put it as squarely as it gets when she said she knew she had to fight for her life in the hospital. She didn’t think she would have to do it before a government committee.

Isabel was 10 years old at the time the government asked her to come to America to participate in studies about the rare and deadly illness she has. As a direct result of the studies she participated in, Americans with the same illness are getting the life-saving medical treatment they need and deserve.

The treatment that keeps Jonathan alive doesn’t exist in his home country. Jonathan told the committee that if he is sent back to Honduras, he will die. He told them about the fact that he cried, that he wants to live. Imagine being sixteen and not only aware of your own mortality but having to say it out loud and in a public forum.

Serena would love to return to Barcelona, however, she remains in the United States under doctor’s orders because her health is so frail.

Isabel was invited by our government. Legally speaking, that invitation was accepted by her parents, because at age 10, Isabel was too young to give her legal consent.

As a secondary factor, I’d say also there is something Mengelesque about bringing children here to conduct medical experiments on them, then disposing of them as if they were used test tubes. The same lack of consent problem is present with Jonathan and Serena. They could not give consent even though their lives depend on it.

The urgency and sheer cruelty of the situation was not lost on Representative Jamie Raskin, the committee vice-chair, as reflected in his opening statement , nor on any of the Democratic members of the committee.

But the first question a Republican asked was about the dangers of open borders. He asked it of someone who could not consent (or object) to her arrival in America. He asked it of someone who was being unceremoniously thrown out, because, as one ICE official  rationalized it, medical deferment is subject to abuse.

In a memo obtained by Politico, USCIS Policy and Strategy chief Kathy Nuebel Kovarik, actually wrote:

“USCIS strongly believes that the exercise of deferred action is subject to abuse, and if we continue to accept such requests, even with narrow medical criteria, we will be creating a de facto ‘program’ of criteria … which are not enumerated in statute or regulations.” read more

Opinion: Poway Shooting Proves That Trump Has To Go

This was going to be a column on what looks to me like softening Republican support for Donald Trump. Instead it’s going to be about an aspect of one of the reasons Trump should be impeached.  I will write that other column, but not today.

Trump stokes hatred toward most Americans.  He has transformed hate crimes to domestic acts of terrorism and therefore is derelict in his duties.  That is impeachable.

Many of us, me included, have focused on the Trump campaign’s willingness to take help from a hostile foreign power to cheat its way to the White House. This past week, there was reporting that former Secretary of Homeland security was ordered not to mention Russia’s cyber-attack on our democracy because that reality would hurt Donald Trump’s fragile ego.

And if we’re going to talk about snowflakes, let’s talk about the privileged white male in the White House who equates constructive criticism, questions or simple difference of opinion with hate of him. For the record, I don’t hate you, as a human being. I hate the ideas you defend. There is a volume of difference between hating the act and hating the person, as I’m certain any preacher of any religion will explain to you.

No, Mr. Trump hate is when you grab your gun, go to a place of worship and kill people in prayer. Hate is when you weaponize a car to strike silent a women because she had the courage to condemn the ideas that caused a World War. Hate is what makes it possible to back a serial adulterer while telling the monagomous gay man to repent. Hate is what makes it possible to throw rolls of paper towels at survivors of natural disaster in one part of the country, while assuring survivors of natural disaster in a maga part of the country they’ll get all the help and support they need.

You are the personification of hate and you have used it as a weapon against Americans, with help from the one person you consistently praise: Vladimir Putin.

The fact that, finally, after the many hate crimes inspired by your rhetoric, even you recognize that the Poway Synagogue shooting was a hate crime, doesn’t absolve you from the role you had in making that crime possible.

Guess what. I don’t give a damn if Trump’s ego is too fragile to handle the deadly reality that his presidency is pandering to white supremacists, neo-Nazis and anti-Semites.

Mr. Trump, you whine about how people are out to get you! Bullsh*t! Jews know what living under siege is really like because we are the first to be scapegoated by demagogues like you.  We’re the targets in 50% of all the hate crimes inspired by the ideas you defend.

The Palestinian people who are treated by Israel’s Netanyahu similarly to the way you treat: Americans who are black, brown, Muslim, opponents of hate, members of the free press, Democrats, women who think and don’t need to make themselves look Aryan to feel good about themselves and pretty much anyone who disagrees with you.

Mr. Trump, you chose to use the presidency to defend, to DEFEND, the ideas people that make mass shootings at Synagogues more frequent. This is the second one this year!  Hate crimes have soared since you started your moronic maga campaign and Jews were the targets in 50% of those hate crimes. And no, it’s not going to be normalized! Not while I’m breathing!

No, the answer is NOT more guns! It is re-funding the organizations that monitor hate, and who help people who hate return to sanity. It’s about recognizing that a president who promotes hatred is a threat to our national security – and especially a threat to innocents who are routinely targeted by those “very fine people” Mr. Trump actively, passionately, and frequently defends.

This is why 2020 is a national identity election. Those who celebrate the latest mass shooting at a Synagogue will undoubtedly vote for Mr. Trump. Most of us will be looking for someone who embraces the idea that a president must be president to everyone in America.

White Supremacist Rep. Steve King Thinks That He Is Just Like Jesus

You don’t like Steve King embracing neo-Nazi slogans? Thanks for persecuting him, world.

Republican Rep. Steve King of Iowa told a town hall at Western Iowa Tech Community College that he understood how Jesus Christ felt after King endured the horrors of months of feedback over his comments on white supremacy and nationalism, the Des Moines Register reported.

Watch here:

In response to a question by a constituent who has fallen victim to Fox News’ misinformation and thus was concerned about “Christianity is really being persecuted,” also known as the rage right wing Christians feel when other religions are given one seat at a 400 seat table, King called the House of Representatives his “accusers.”

“When I have to step down to the floor of the House of Representatives, and look up at those 400-and-some accusers — you know, we just passed through Easter and Christ’s passion. And I have better insight into what He went through for us, partly because of that experience,” King replied.

The “accusers” were the folks in the House who condemned King for saying to the New York Times, “White nationalist, white supremacist, Western civilization — how did that language become offensive?”

You know, like neo-Nazis on the dark web do.

The accusers, including Republicans, took away King’s committee assignments in the face of public outrage.

Although King claims he was misunderstood, he also repeated his false claim that the US is a Christian nation.

“It’s in our culture, it’s who we are. If it were any other way we wouldn’t be the America we are, and probably wouldn’t be an America at all.”

Yes, Christianity is in our culture, but this country’s government was precisely not built on a religion. As in, exactly the opposite.

Pastor Robert Franek explained, “Here’s a big difference between Steve King and Jesus: Jesus was persecuted for challenging the oppressive imperial powers of his time in the making of a new political order of justice and peace. King is persecuted for vile racism and other bigotry. So not like Jesus. At. All.”

When Steve King asks himself, What would Jesus do? The answer he gets is to hate on anyone who isn’t white (“western civilization” is a calling card for far right white supremacists and neo-Nazis), and it seems as if King is actually the kind of person Jesus would have tossed out of the temple. Or, as King would say, Jesus would be his accuser. A real hater of King’s intolerance.

This is the modern day Republican Party, fashioned after the man in the White House, whose own “Christianity” can be seen as nothing less than the empty, craven, political manipulation that it is.

Opinion: Trump’s War With Ilhan Omar Is Also A War With Our First Amendment Rights

Last Friday, the president of the United States waged war on the First Amendment unlike anything I’ve witnessed.  It gets more twisted because Trump’s weapon of choice was an abuse of the First Amendment.

It’s the sort of thing we saw happen in the Balkans during the 1990’s and read about happening in the Soviet Union.  It resembled the rhetoric of dying authoritarianism I remember seeing in Poland, ironically, while I was taking a course on human rights.  We saw it when Andrew Breitbart “edited” a speech by Shirley Sherrod to the point of distorting the content and intent of her words.

But, this is the first time in my recollection that a president incited hatred against a member of Congress.  Personal attacks yes, spin yes.   But this video was one long deception.  Everything from the mischaracterization of CAIR, to the way Omar’s comments were taken out of context was intended to incite hatred, against Omar and her family.  But it’s even more sinister than that because Trump used this video to expand on an Islamophobic narrative about Muslims and 9/11 that he has been exploiting for years.  And more broadly, he used it to expand on his desperate attempt to portray the Democratic Party as Anti-Jewish.

Before we go any further, this is the same Donald Trump who described the white supremacists in Charlottesville as “very fine people”.  He is the same Donald Trump who has used anti-Semitism tropes on more than one occasion and whose party had several neo-Nazi candidates in 2018.  Jews don’t need the likes of Donald Trump to tell us who our friends are, or which party is sympathetic to us.

You may have heard about “the video” Donald Trump tweeted that interspersed extracts of a speech by Minnesota Congresswoman Ilhan Omar with the horrific images of 9/11 in a manner that portrayed Omar as insufficiently outraged.  The fact that Trump was willing to exploit 9/11 already says volumes about his character but, there is no way he didn’t have some level of anticipation the video wouldn’t outrage his volatile base.

Here is the unedited version of Omar’s speech:

The specific sentence that Trump used to manipulate public opinion was:

“CAIR was founded after 9/11, because they recognized that some people did something and that all of us were starting to lose access to our civil liberties.”

Washington Post fact-checker Glenn Kessler  walks us through the anatomy of contemporary propaganda techniques that were used to target Congresswoman Omar for death threats and abuses that Trump has long conditioned his supporters to engage in against anyone who questions his power, his authority or his warped perception of reality.

Omar’s speech became a thing because a self-described Imam of peace in Australia tweeted, “Ilhan Omar mentons 9/11 and does not consider it a terrorist attack on the USA by terrorists, instead she refers to it as “Some people did something”, then she goes on to justify the establishment of a terrorist organization (CAIR) on US soil.”

Ilhan Omar mentions 9/11 and does not consider it a terrorist attack on the USA by terrorists, instead she refers to it as “Some people did something”, then she goes on to justify the establishment of a terrorist organization (CAIR) on US soil. read more

Hate crime charges lodged against suspect in Louisiana church burnings

(Reuters) – Three additional charges were lodged against the son of a sheriff’s deputy accused of burning down three predominately black churches in southern Louisiana in the past few weeks.

A Louisiana judge added three federal hate crime charges against Holden Matthews, 21, and denied him bond on Monday, multiple media accounts reported, including CBS News.

Matthews, a white resident of St. Landry Parish, the county where the fires occurred, was previously charged with three counts of arson on religious buildings, officials said.

Matthews entered a plea of not guilty on Monday and remains in custody at the St. Landry Parish jail, media reports say. A judge set a September trial date.

Matthews, the son of Deputy Roy Matthews of the St. Landry Parish Sheriff’s Office, was taken into custody last Wednesday.

The three churches destroyed by the fires have mostly black congregations, raising authorities’ suspicion that the fires may be racially motivated hate crimes.

Noting the history of burnings of black churches in the South, Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards said the episode was “especially painful because it reminds us of a very dark past of intimidation and fear”.

The fires set between March 26 and April 4 destroyed St. Mary Baptist Church in Port Barre, and Greater Union Baptist Church and Mount Pleasant Baptist Church in Opelousas.

St. Landry Parish Sheriff Bobby Guidroz said he believed his deputy was unaware of Holden Matthews’ involvement in the fires.

(Reporting by Rich McKay and Peter Szekely; Editing by Peter Graff)

Suspect arrested in fires at three black churches in Louisiana

(Reuters) – Police have arrested a man suspected of setting fire to three predominately black churches in a southern Louisiana parish, a federal prosecutor said on Wednesday.

“A suspect has been identified in connection with three church burnings in Opelousas, Louisiana, and is in state custody,” David Joseph, the U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Louisiana, said in a statement.

The suspect’s name was not released.

The sheriff’s office in St. Landry Parish where the fires occurred declined to comment and referred questions to the fire marshal’s office.

Ashley Rodrigue, spokeswoman for the State Fire Marshal’s Office, said there will be an announcement regarding the case at a press conference on Thursday attended by Governor John Bel Edwards and law enforcement officials.

Authorities said this month they found suspicious “patterns” among fires that burned down three churches between March 26 and April 4 in the parish, about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of New Orleans.

The fires destroyed St. Mary Baptist Church in the community of Port Barre, and Greater Union Baptist Church and Mount Pleasant Baptist Church in Opelousas, the seat of the parish, the Louisiana equivalent to a county.

All the churches have mostly black congregants, raising authorities’ suspicion that the fires could have been racially motivated hate crimes.

(Reporting by Rich McKay, additional reporting by Gabriella Borter; editing by Darren Schuettler)

‘White power’ graffiti defaces historic Tennessee civil rights site

(Reuters) – Racist graffiti was painted in the parking lot of a Tennessee social justice center that hosted giants of the 1960s U.S. civil rights movement, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks, it said on Tuesday.

The Highlander Research and Education Center, whose main office burned down last week, was home to innumerable documents, recorded speeches and artifacts from the movement that were lost in the fire, it said on its website.

It described the graffiti only as a “white power” symbol painted on the parking lot.

“While we do not know the names of the culprits, we know that the white power movement has been increasing and consolidating power across the south,” the center said in a statement on Tuesday. “Now is the time to be vigilant.”

Friday’s fire was less than a week after another fire police say was race-driven arson at a Southern California mosque, where racist graffiti was left in the parking lot.

No one was injured in either fire.

The Jefferson county sheriff’s office is investigating the Highlander Center fire as a possible crime, broadcaster NBC and other media have said.

A sheriff’s spokesperson was not immediately available to comment to Reuters early on Wednesday.

The Highlander Center helped organize the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycotts of 1955 that were among the first major civil rights protests of the movement in the United States.

Protesters, mostly black residents, refused to ride city buses in a bid to defy racial segregation, after Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white person.

The center also helped found the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, a youth movement that worked with Martin Luther King Jr.’s efforts to ensure voting rights and social justice for minorities, it said on its website.

(This version corrects center’s name to “Highlander” throughout, deletes incorrectly described quote, paragraph 9)

(Reporting by Rich McKay in Atlanta; Editing by Clarence Fernandez)

U.S. arrests Coast Guard officer who planned mass attack: prosecutors

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – U.S. authorities have arrested a U.S. Coast Guard lieutenant who described himself as a white nationalist and amassed a cache of weapons to “murder innocent civilians on a scale rarely seen in this country,” according to court documents.

Christopher Paul Hasson, who is assigned to the Coast Guard Headquarters in Washington and lives in a Maryland suburb, had drawn up a list of possible targets, including House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi and MSNBC television host Joe Scarborough, prosecutors said in court documents.

Calling Hasson a “domestic terrorist,” the prosecutors said he was arrested on Friday on weapons and drugs charges.

In a draft email in June 2017, they said, Hasson wrote: “I am dreaming of a way to kill almost every last person on the earth. I think a plague would be most successful but how do I acquire the needed/ Spanish flu, botulism, anthrax not sure yet but will find something.”

A hearing on a motion to detain him pending trial was set for Thursday.

In a statement, the Coast Guard confirmed that an active duty member of the service had been arrested. “Because this is an open investigation, the Coast Guard has no further details at this time,” it said.

The Office of the Federal Public Defender in Maryland did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The prosecutors said agents found 15 firearms and more than 1,000 rounds of ammunition in Hasson’s residence in Silver Spring, Maryland.

They said from 2017, Hasson routinely studied a manifesto by Norwegian far-right extremist Anders Behring Breivik, who in July 2011 killed eight people in downtown Oslo with a car bomb and then shot dead 69 people, many of them teenagers, at a Labour Party camp.

(Reporting by Mohammad Zargham and Eric Beech; Editing by Lisa Shumaker and Cynthia Osterman)